24 Quviagijara

Dialogue: Weekend plans

Pinasuarusiup nunnguani sulaaqqit?ᐱᓇᓱᐊᕈᓯᐅᑉ ᓄᙳᐊᓂ ᓱᓛᖅᑭᑦ? What are you doing this weekend?
illuralaattinuulaaqtunga.ᐃᓪᓗᕋᓛᑦᑎᓐᓅᓛᖅᑐᖓ. I am going to my cabin.
Asukuluk, quviagiviuk tauvani?ᐊᓱᑯᓗᒃ, ᖁᕕᐊᒋᕕᐅᒃ ᑕᐅᕙᓂ? Oh yeah? Do you like it there?
ii, atsualuk quviagijara.ᐄ, ᐊᑦᓱᐊᓗᒃ ᖁᕕᐊᒋᔭᕋ. Yes indeed, I really like it there.
Tauvani suvakkavit? ᑕᐅᕙᓂ ᓱᕙᒃᑲᕕᑦ?What do you do out there?
Pisuppattunga kuummut.ᐱᓱᑉᐸᑦᑐᖓ ᑰᒻᒧᑦ. I often walk to the river.


like the sound of it (I...)
sad (I am....)
happy (I am...)
enjoy it (I...)
like something (I...)
like it (I...)
sad (it makes him...)
feel love for (I...)
love him/her/it (I...)
Do you like the taste of it?
like the taste of it (I...)
like the taste (I...)
afraid of her (he is...)
shy (you are ...)
shy (he/she makes you feel...)
cabin (Let’s go to the...)


47 » Emotions

Many verbs that describe a phyiscal or emotional sensation are followed by the affix -gusuk- or sometimes just -suk- .  In South Qikiqtaaluk dialect, the final -k of this affix often changes to match the first letter of the verb ending that follows.

quvia + suk + pit  
quviasuppit? Are you happy?
quviasuttunga I am happy.
ippigusuttuq to feel a sensation or emotion


Here are some other examples:

kappia + suk to be afraid
kappiasuttuuk The two of them are afraid.
kanngu + suk to feel embarrassed
kanngusuttuq He/she feels shy/embarrassed
aukuni + gusuk to be a long time
akunigusuttut They feel like it has been a long time.
nalli + gusuk to love someone
nalligusuppa? Does he/she feel love/compassion towards someone?
uppi + gusuk to feel pride
uppigusukkami because he is proud of something
pisuk + gusuk to feel like walking
pisugusuttunga I fell like walking.


Next, there is a more complex form of these verbs that takes a transitive verb ending to describe who or what is causing that emotion:
kappiagiviuk? Are you afraid of it?
nalligijaatit He/she loves you.
uppigijagit I am proud of you.

When a transitive verb ending is used, the affix -suk- is dropped and the verb -gi- is added to the root verb to create a link between different people. Here are some other examples of this construction:

quviagijara I like it; it makes me happy.
piugijara I like it.
piuginngittara I don’t like it.
kanngugijanga He/she makes him feel shy.

Note that -ri- is used after verb roots that end in -q :

mamaqtuq It tastes good.
mamarijanga It tastes good to her.

To express the above in the negative, the affix -nngit- is added just before the verb ending:

kanngusunngittutit You are not shy.
nalliginngittanga He/she does not love him/her.
Natsiminiq mamarinngittanga He/she does not enjoy the taste of the seal meat.


48 » Changing Verbs to Nouns

The affix -jariatsaq / -giatsaq / -riatsaq is added to the end of a verb root in order to talk about the action it describes in a general way (as a noun).

nirijuq he is eating
nirijariatsaq eating
Nirijariatsaq quviagijanga. He enjoys eating.

-giatsaq is the form of the affix used after a root ending in -k or -t :

sinittuq she is walking
sinigiatsaq walking
Sinigiatsaq iqiagijanga. He does not feel like sleeping.

-riatsaq is the form of the affix used after a root ending in -q :

mumiqtuuk They (2) are dancing.
mumiriatsaq dancing
Mumiriatsaq quviagijara. I enjoy dancing.

This affix can be used to describe activities that one enjoys - or does not enjoy - doing.

Tuttuliariatsaq quviagijara. I enjoy caribou hunting.
Pisugiatsaq iqiagijara. I don’t feel like walking.
Aullariatsaq quviagiviuk? Do you enjoy travelling?