Grammar » 12 » Frequent or Habitual Actions

The affix  -suuq- can be added to verb roots to express the idea of someone who does something frequently or as a matter of habit.


immuk milk
immulisuunguvit? Do you take milk?
ii, immulisuungujunga Yes, I take milk.
sukaq sugar
sukalisuunguvit? Do you take sugar?
ii, sukalisuungujunga. Yes, I take sugar.
inuktitut Inuktitut
inuktituusuunguvit? Do you speak Inuktitut?
inuktituusuungujunga I speak Inuktitut.
qallunaatitut the English language
Qallunaatitusuunguvit? Do you speak English?
ii, qallunaatitusuungujunga Yes, I speak English.
uivititut the French language
Uivititusuunguvit? Do you speak French?
ii, uivititusuungujunga Yes, I speak French.


A couple of points to note:

1. -suuq is often followed by the verb -ngu-, 'to be'.

sukaq + li + suuq + ngu + vit = Literally, ‘Are you someone who frequently uses sugar.'
sukalisuunguvit? Do you take sugar?


2. When using -suuq- in the third person (it, he, she, they), the verb -ngu- is dropped as a short cut:

inuktitusuuq an Inuktitut speaker
inuktitusuut people who speak Inuktitut


3. When answering in the negative, the affix -nngit- is inserted before the verb ending:

imuk + li + suuq + ngu + nngit + tunga  
imulisuungunngittunga I don’t take milk.
sukaq + li + suuq + ngu + nngit + tunga  
sukalisuungunngittunga I don’t take sugar.
qallunaatitut + suuq + nngit + tuq =  
qallunaatitusuunngittuq He/she does not speak English.